Representatives from the world powers that signed a historic nuclear deal in 2015 will meet in Vienna on Tuesday to try to save the agreement, but the road ahead looks long and arduous.
The announcement on Friday that the remaining representatives of the agreement – Iran, China, France, Germany, Russia, and the United Kingdom – would meet in person to discuss the agreement was welcomed as a positive step toward avoiding a complete collapse.
Iran’s nuclear leader Ali Akbar Salehi said last week in a late-night Clubhouse voice chat that the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) “deadlock is being broken” as a “childish” debate about who should act first comes to an end.
Representatives from Iran and the US, on the other hand, will not be in the same room in Vienna, as Iran insists that no direct or indirect negotiations will take place until the US lifts the harsh sanctions levied by former President Donald Trump after he unilaterally abandoned the agreement in 2018.
As the US maintained its “high pressure” drive, Iran began to backtrack on its commitments under the agreement a year later.